Croatia Croatia

National & regional system - response strategy

Monitoring and Evaluation

Satellite image   Prevention: satelite monitoring (article 32)
Aerial surveillance   Prevention: observation/monitoring from the air (art. 32) Response: aerial surveilance (article 74)
Naval surveillance   Prevention: observation/monitoring by maritime patrols (article 32) Response: from vessels (if aerial surveillance is not possible) (article 74)
Forecasting models Not specifically mentioned in the Plan, but the elaboration of the assessment of risk and sensitivity of the area covered by the NCP will be prepared with a view to achieving efficiency in the implementation of NCP in relation to potential marine pollution and to determining priorities regarding protection and/or restoration of the marine environment and selecting the most appropriate measures for preventing and responding to marine pollution.

Response at sea

Use of dispersant  

Yes, to the extent of available technical and human capacities.

Aerial surveillance  

Articles 77 - 81 of the NCP define the use of dispersants. A flowchart describing the use of dispersants is given in Annex III of the NCP while the List of dispersants approved for use in the Republic of Croatia and in European Union Member States is given in the Annex IV..

Related Legislation

Not specifically mentioned in the NCP.

Delimitation zones for the use of dispersants  

Article 81 defines the areas in which the use of dispersants is prohibited. These are specified/listed in Annexes V (point 1) and VI of the NCP. In addition to the areas listed in these Annexes the use of dispersants is also prohibited in “spawning areas and in areas in which the possibility of reflux of the sea water into freshwater streams exists due to tidal action, winds or lowering of water levels in such streams”.

Authority in charge of authorisation identified

HQ Commander

Dispersant testing procedures

Not specifically defined in the NCP.

List of approved products  

The list of dispersants that “could be used in the Republic of Croatia and in the EU member States” is given in Annex IV of the Plan.

List of competent laboratories authorized

Not specifically defined in the NCP.

Containment and recovery  

Listed in the NCP as a primary response option in Article 77 and shown in the decision tree in Annex I to the NCP. Available equipment indicated and listed in section 5 of the present ‘Country Profile’.

In situ burning

Not envisaged in the NCP as a response option.

Shoreline protection and cleanup

Shoreline protection  

Operations for cleaning up of the shoreline are envisaged in the NCP (articles 82-84). Clean up activities are devided in preparatory activities and clean up operations (depending on the type of the coast)

Shoreline cleanup

Comunication

Operation activities  

NCP -Articles 16 (MRCC tasks), 35 (use of radio communication network), 39 (definition of VHF channels), 41-46 (alerting) and Annex I.

Government/Industry relation

Not specifically addressed in the NCP

Public relation  

NCP - Chapter 9 (article 113)

Media relation

NCP - Chapter 9 (article 113)

Waste management

National policy regarding oily waste  

The NCP (articles 13 states that the task of the Headquarters is also making a decision on the methods and place for the disposal of recovered material while article 83 states that prior to the commencement of the shoreline clean-up operations the places for temporary storage and final disposal (one of preparatory activities) have to be defined and asigns the responsibility for conducting preparatory activities to the relevant “HQs for protection and rescue” within the local or regional authorities’ to the Ministry responsible for environmental protection and the Ministry responsible for sea. Waste management is regulated by the Waste Act (OG 178/04, 111/06, 60/08) and other sublegal acts regarding waste categorisation, classification and management enacted according to the Waste Act

Treatment/disposal facilities/solutions  

NCP does not predetermine sites for oily wastes (considered as hazardous waste) storage/treatment/disposal but all wastes have to be disposed according to the existing legal framework related to waste management.

Experts

Integration of international experts in the coordination body  

Article 14 of the NCP states that the Headquarters may also request support and expert advices from experts. Since article 14 does not specify ‘experts’ (national or international) it is considered that international experts could also be included in the work of the Headquarters. The list of such experts should be available at the HQ secretariat.

Claims

Claims legal basis at national level  

Maritime Code (OG 181/04, 76/07)

Claims included in the contingency plan  

Chapter 8 (articles 111 and 112)

National structure dealing with claims  

Ministry responsible for maritime affairs (Ministry of Sea, Transport and Infrastructure) deals with claims.

Volunteers management

Volunteers management considered in the plan

Article 30 of the NCP envisages the engagement of volunteers in shoreline clean up operations. Their management is not specifically defined except that they could be involved in clean up operation upon order of the Headquarters and County operational centres (COCs).

Faune protection

Measures for faune protection (Protected species and other marine fauna)  

NCP does not specifically indicate measures for fauna protection, but elaboration of sensitivity maps is defined as one of measures for preventing and restricting sea pollution and it will include overview of all protected natural resources (including among others and protected species). Further on, in the implementation of response measures, NCP determines priority areas for NCP implementation which includes protected sea areas (articles 81 and 94).

(Click on the link to access the Sea Alarm Country Profile sheet providing information on wildlife protection in this country).

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last modified 2020-06-05T07:55:37+00:00