Regional Strategy

About Regional Strategy (2016-2021)

Regional Strategy for Prevention of and Response to Marine Pollution from Ships (2016-2021)

The Regional Strategy for Prevention of and Response to Marine Pollution from Ships was adopted by the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention, in 2016 (Decision IG.22/4). The overarching objectives of the Regional Strategy (2016-2021) are threefold, namely:

  1. prevention of pollution from ships;
  2. prevention of maritime accidents; and
  3. preparation for response to major pollution incidents.

Objectives of Regional Strategy (2016-2021)

The Regional Strategy lists the priority issues to be addressed when implementing the 2002 Prevention and Emergency Protocol and include, for each of these issues, precise commitments and a timetable for the implementation of the twenty-two objectives to be achieved by 2021.

  1. Ratification of international maritime conventions related to the protection of the marine environment
  2. To control and manage ships' biofouling to minimize the transfer of invasive aquatic species
  3. Ensuring effective maritime administrations
  4. To strengthen the Mediterranean MoU
  5. Provision of reception facilities in ports
  6. Delivery of ship-generated wastes
  7. Improved follow-up of pollution events as well as monitoring and surveillance of illicit discharges
  8. To improve the level of enforcement and the prosecution of discharge offenders
  9. To reduce the pollution generated by pleasure craft activities
  10. Reduced risk of collisions by establishing Ship’s Routeing Systems
  11. Improved control of maritime traffic
  12. Identification of Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas (PSSAs)
  13. Reduction of marine noise caused by ships
  14. To establish procedures for the designation of places of refuge to minimise the risks of widespread pollution
  15. To examine the possibility of designating the Mediterranean Sea or parts thereof as SOx emission control area under MARPOL Annex VI and effectively implement the existing energy efficiency measures
  16. To ensure that adequate emergency towing capacity is available throughout the Mediterranean
  17. To enhance the levels of prepositioned spill response equipment
  18. To encourage research and development and facilitate the transfer of technology
  19. To improve the quality, speed and effectiveness of decision-making process in case of pollution incident
  20. To increase the level of knowledge in the field of preparedness and response to accidental marine pollution
  21. To revise the existing recommendations, principles and guidelines
  22. To strengthen the capacity of individual coastal States to respond efficiently to marine pollution incidents through development of contingency plans

The Regional Strategy was prepared through a wide consultative process with the Contracting Parties and partners, in parallel to the Mediterranean Action Plan of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP/MAP)’s Mid-Term Strategy (MTS) (2016-2021), also adopted by COP19, which sets up a strategic framework that ensures coherence, continuity, increased efficiency, effectiveness and relevance of the MAP/Barcelona Convention system for the protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean and contribution to sustainable development of the Mediterranean Region for the period 2016-2021. The necessary elements of the other sectorial or cross-cutting policies of MAP, such as the revision of the Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development (MSSD) and the implementation of the Ecosystem Approach (EcAp), were incorporated in the Regional Strategy (2016-2021).

Post Regional Strategy

Post-2021 Mediterranean Strategy for Prevention of and Response to Marine Pollution from Ships:

Since the year 2021 corresponds to a major milestone in the Mediterranean region, marking the end of the UNEP/MAP Mid-Term Strategy (MTS) and the Regional Strategy (2016-2021), Contracting Parties requested:

  1. to launch in 2020, a wide consultation process involving national competent authorities, relevant regional and international institutions and stakeholders to address challenges and offer expertise, resources, and funding to progress in the improvement of the prevention of and response to marine pollution from ships in the Mediterranean region.
  1. to submit a draft post-2021 Mediterranean Strategy for Prevention of and Response to Marine Pollution from Ships to the Fourteenth Meeting of the Focal Points in spring 2021, for consideration